ARTICLES (A, AN, THE) के प्रयोग में की जाने वाली 29 बेहद सामान्य गलतियाँ

ARTICLES(A, AN, THE) के प्रयोग में होने वाली 29 बेहद सामान्य गलतियाँ

Use Of ‘An’

1. Before Words Beginning With Vowel Sounds [A, E, I, O, U Are Called Vowels. Others Are Consonants]

           An Apple, An Egg, An Owl.

2. Before Words Beginning With Silent ‘H An Hour, An Honourable Man, An Heir, An Honest Man.

3.    F, H, L, M, N, R, S, X Are Letters That Are Not Vowels But Begin With Vowel Sound E.G. ‘M’ Has The Sound Of ‘Em’. So, ‘An’ Is Used Before Abbreviations Beginning With Vowels Or These Letters.
Eg. An M.L.A., An R.A.F., An N.C.C. Officer, An F.I.R., An X-Ray, An H.E. School, An S.P.,


Use Of  ‘A’

4.   (I) In The Sense Of One
E.G. He Couldn’t Speak A Word To Save Himself.

(Ii) With ‘One’ (‘.’ ‘One’ Begins With Sound Of W)
A One-Man Show, A One- Rupee Note.

5.   Before Words Beginning With Consonant Sound
E.G. A Boy, A Box, A Dog.

6.  With Vowel Letters Having Consonant Value :
E.G.  A University, A Unique Article, A J  Euphenism, A Unit, A European Language, (All These Begin With Consonant Sound Of Yu’)

7.   With Units And Rate (Per):
E.G. He Earns Rupees Five Hundred A Month.
Rice Sells Ten Rupees A Kilo.
Give Me A Metre Length Of The Cloth.

8.    In Exclamatory Expressions Before Singular Countable Nouns :
What A Pretty Girl! How Sunny A Day !

9.  When   Two   Subjects   Or   Articles Are Thought Of As A Single Unit.
He Was Ready With A Cup And Saucer.
A Cigarette Is Made Of A Paper And Tobacco.

10. With Certain Expressions .Of Quantity :
A Lot Of, A Dozen, A Great Deal Of, A Couple.

11.  With A Person’s Name To Indicate That The Person Is Perhaps Unknown To The Person Addressed:
A Mr. Roy Is At The Door.

12.  With A Special Meal (To Celebrate Something Or In Someone’s Honour)
I Called My Friends To A Lunch To Celebrate My Success.
A Dinner Was Arranged To Welcome The Principal.

13. To Make A Common Noun Of A Proper Noun.
This Man Is ‘A Second Newton’.
(This Phrase Means ‘A Philosopher As Great As Newton’)
A Daniel’ Came To Judgement.
(The Phrase Means ‘A Wise Man’)


Use Of ‘The’

14. with names of Gulfs, Rivers, Oceans, Islands And Mountains E.G. The Himalayas, The Indian Ocean, The Persian Gulf The Red Sea, The Andaman Islands, The Brahmaputra River.

15. Certain Books:
E.G. The Vedas, The Puranas, The Bible, The Ramacharitmanas.

16.  Musical Instruments:
E.G. The Flute, The Violin, The Tabla, The Trumpet.

17.  The Inventions.:
Ex. (I) I Hate The Telephone For Its Constant Ringing.
(Ii) The Television Is A Gift Of Science.

18. Parts Of Body:Ex.
(I) He Was Wounded In The Leg.
(Ii) They Hit Him On The Hands.

19.  Religious Groups
The Sikhs, The Hindus,

20. Names Enforcing Law:
The Police, The Navy, The Air Force.

21.  Political Parties:
The Congress, The BSP, The B.J.P.

22.   Aeroplanes, Ships, Trains Etc.
The Makalu (Aeroplane), The Vikrant ( Ship), The Rajdhani Express (Train).

23.  Before Names Of An Empire, Dynasty Or Historical Event.
E.G. The Gupta Dynastry, The Old Stone Age, The First World War, The American                        Revolution.

24.  Clubs, Foundations Etc.:
The Lion’s Club, The Ford Foundation.

25. Before   Common   Nouns Denoting Unique Things:
The Sun, The Sky, The Earth, The World, The Stars.

26. With Superlatives:
Ex. (I) He Is The Best Boy In The Class.
(Ii) Prizes Would Be Given For The Most Outstanding Performances.

27.    With Ordinals:
Ex. (I) He Took The First Taxi That Came His Way. (Ii) He Lives In The Tenth Block. (Hi) Our Class Is On The Second Floor.

28.  Before The Comparative Degree :
Ex. (I) The More They Get, The More They Want. (Ii) He Is The Cleverer Of The Two.

29.  Before An Adjective When The Noun Is Understood:
Ex. (I) The Poor Would Favour Him.
(Ii) We Must Not Shun The Disabled.

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